Later, 29 C3s received inflight-refuelling probes to become C.Mk 3P aircraft. The Hughes H-4 Hercules (commonly known as the Spruce Goose; registration NX37602) is a prototype strategic airlift flying boat designed and built by the Hughes Aircraft Company.Intended as a transatlantic flight transport for use during World War II, it was not completed in time to be used in the war.The aircraft … RAF in 'utterly shocking' unauthorised Hercules plane landing in Ireland. [31] Brazil is replacing its C-130s with 28 new Embraer KC-390s. "[6] Both Hibbard and Johnson signed the proposal and the company won the contract for the now-designated Model 82 on 2 July 1951. The contest was a close affair between the lighter of the two Lockheed (preliminary project designation L-206) proposals and a four-turboprop Douglas design. Typhoons, Hawk Jets, RAF Lakenheath-based F-35A Lightning II fighter jets, are all known to put pilots through their paces in the loop, as well as the RAF Airbus, Hercules, A400M and other aircraft … 59-0528 was operated by, C-130D, AF Ser. 64-0567, unofficially known as "Wild Thing". On 12 February 2007, RAF Hercules C.4 C-130J-30 ZH876, c/n 5460, seriously damaged during landing, no casualties. After the failure of the Black Cat Squadron to plant operating sensor pods near the Lop Nur Nuclear Weapons Test Base using a Lockheed U-2, the CIA developed a plan, named Heavy Tea, to deploy two battery-powered sensor pallets near the base. According to the RAF website, the Hercules is the RAF's primary transport aircraft … C-130B-II electronic reconnaissance aircraft were operated under the SUN VALLEY program name primarily from Yokota Air Base, Japan. Essentially a B-model, the new designation was the result of the installation of 1,360 US gal (5,150 L) Sargent Fletcher external fuel tanks under each wing's midsection and more powerful Allison T56-A-7A turboprops. The Royal Air Force recorded an accident rate of about one aircraft loss per 250,000 flying hours over the last 40 years, placing it behind Vickers VC10s and Lockheed TriStars with no flying losses. Mechanical Aircraft Technicians specialise in airframes, engines and associated equipment on our aircraft. The U.S. Coast Guard employs the HC-130H for long-range search and rescue, drug interdiction, illegal migrant patrols, homeland security, and logistics. The Deepwater Horizon mission was the first time the US used the oil dispersing capability of the 910th AW—its only large area, fixed-wing aerial spray program—in an actual spill of national significance. The Hercules is the RAF’s primary tactical transport aircraft and in its current C.Mk 4 and C.Mk 5 versions of the C-130J-30 and C-130J, respectively, has been the backbone of UK operational tactical mobility tasks since it was brought into service in 1999. The system never entered service because it did not improve takeoff performance by the same margin, making the landing performance pointless if the aircraft could not also take off from where it had landed.[11]. A jury watched video film yesterday showing the moment an army private was killed in an alleged game of "chicken" as he was buzzed by a low-flying RAF Hercules aircraft. Also occasionally used for. ", "Hercules National Air Force Museum of Canada", "Hercules Greenwood Military Aviation Museum", "Museo Aeroespacial Colombiano Tocancipá, Colombia", "Fuselage C-130 Hercules A-1301 Dalam Perjalanan ke Muspusdirla", "Hercules makes final flight into Cosford. The C-130 fleet of around 450 planes would be replaced by only 250 aircraft. Avionics Technicians specialise in the electrical, electronic and sensory systems fitted to aircraft. Additional aircraft were modified for electronics intelligence work and assigned to Rhein-Main Air Base, Germany while modified RC-130As were assigned to the Military Air Transport Service (MATS) photo-mapping division. The Hercules fleet first came into service with the RAF back in 1967 as the The C-130H model has updated Allison T56-A-15 turboprops, a redesigned outer wing, updated avionics and other minor improvements. All reverted to standard C-130B cargo aircraft after their replacement in the reconnaissance role by other aircraft. History Office, Ames Research Center. It would be powered by four IAE V2533 turbofans. The C-130B model was developed to complement the A-models that had previously been delivered, and incorporated new features, particularly increased fuel capacity in the form of auxiliary tanks built into the center wing section and an AC electrical system. [41][42][43] Some C-130s flew with anti-aircraft guns fitted on their ramp and apparently shot down some 17 aircraft and damaging 16 others. Another prominent role for the B model was with the United States Marine Corps, where Hercules initially designated as GV-1s replaced C-119s. The first completed its maiden and delivery flights on July 5, 1982. A single example is used by the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force, the aircraft having originally been sold to the former Imperial Iranian Air Force. An aircraft would be produced from the early 2030s to the 2040s. [54], For almost two decades, the wing's 757th Airlift Squadron and the U.S. Coast Guard have participated in oil spill cleanup exercises to ensure the U.S. military has a capable response in the event of a national emergency. C-130A RAAF A97-214 used by 36 Squadron from early 1959, withdrawn from use late 1978; now at RAAF Museum, RAAF Base Williams, Point Cook. The Hercules known as Chalk 4 was the fourth of the 10 aircraft due to depart at fifteen-minute intervals from San Giusto military airport The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is an American four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin). A total of 13 aircraft were converted. RAF Special Forces C4 / C5 Hercules. The new Lockheed cargo plane had a range of 1,100 nmi (1,270 mi; 2,040 km) and it could operate from short and unprepared strips. The versatile airframe has found uses in a variety of other roles, including as a gunship (AC-130), for airborne assault, search and rescue, scientific research support, weather reconnaissance, aerial refueling, maritime patrol, and aerial firefighting. On February 2, 1951, the USAF issued a General Operational Requirement for an aircraft to replace its large fleets of Curtiss C-46, and Fairchild C-82 and C-119 piston-engined transports. In November 1964, on the other side of the globe, C-130Es from the 464th Troop Carrier Wing but loaned to 322d Air Division in France, took part in Operation Dragon Rouge, one of the most dramatic missions in history in the former Belgian Congo. The aircraft is highly flexible, with the ability to airdrop a variety of stores and paratroopers, and operate from natural surface landing zones. The C-130R and C-130T are U.S. Navy and USMC models, both equipped with underwing external fuel tanks. C-130E RAAF A97-160 used by 37 Squadron from August 1966, withdrawn from use November 2000; to, CC-130E RCAF 10313 (later 130313) is on display at the, CC-130E RCAF 10307 (later 130307) is on display in the Reserve Hangar at the Canada Aviation and Space Museum, Ottawa, Ontario, C-130B FAC 1010 (serial number 3521) moved on 14 January 2016 to the Colombian Aerospace Museum in, C-130B FAC1011 (serial number 3585, ex 59-1535) preserved at the Colombian Air and Space Museum within, C-130B Indonesian Air Force A-1301 preserved at Sulaeman Airstrip, Bandung. 47 Squadron Royal Air Force (47 Sqn RAF) fly various models of Hercules transport planes on special operations.. No. [56] The Air Force Reserve Command announced the 910th Airlift Wing has been selected as a recipient of the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award for its outstanding achievement from 28 April 2010 through 4 June 2010. 37 of the earliest models currently operating with the Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) are scheduled to be replaced by new-production MC-130J versions. The Fulton system was later removed when aerial refueling of helicopters proved safer and more versatile. 57-0526 was the second B model manufactured, initially delivered as JC-130B; assigned to 6515th Organizational Maintenance Squadron for flight testing at, C-130E, AF Ser. Lyneham, Wiltshire. Using Internet Explorer 8? [7], The first flight of the YC-130 prototype was made on 23 August 1954 from the Lockheed plant in Burbank, California. The roll-on/roll-off systems allow existing aircraft to be temporarily converted into a 3,000-gallon airtanker for fighting wildfires when demand exceeds the supply of privately contracted and publicly available airtankers.[60]. M/S aeroplane standing on tarmac. The C-130 Hercules is the longest continuously produced military aircraft at over 60 years, with the updated Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules currently being produced.[3]. Although the stated purpose of COMMANDO VAULT was to clear LZs, they were also used on enemy base camps and other targets. Lockheed Hercules … C-130H Royal Norwegian Air Force 953 was retired 10 June 2007 and moved to the Air Force museum at Oslo Gardermoen in May 2008. Some variants had forward looking infrared (FLIR Systems Star Safire III EO/IR) sensor balls, to enable close tracking of militants. The 910th Airlift Wings 757th AS, DOD's only fixed Aerial Spray System certified by the EPA to disperse pesticides on DOD property spread oil dispersants onto the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf Coast in 2010. These pods were slightly larger than the standard wing tanks found on other C-130Bs. ", "The Unusual History of Transport Bomber Planes", "PAF's Gallant Christian Heroes Carry Quaid's Message", "PAF entire C-130 fleet used as bomber aircraft in 1965 war", PAF conducted 5,500 bombing runs in Fata since 2008, "C-130J der Luftwaffe werden in Evreux fliegen", "Air Force Reserve's 910th Airlift Wing provides initial response to De", "Hurricane Harvey relief: Air Force provides mosquito aerial spray applications : Pest Management Professional", "Modular Airborne Fire Fighting Systems (MAFFS)", "Brazilian Military Airworthiness Certification and KC-390 Project Challenge", "Highly modified C-130 ready for war on terrorism. The sensors worked and uploaded data to a U.S. intelligence satellite for six months before their batteries failed. ex USAF 61-0964 received in February 1992 now at. The December 1994 order comprised ten standard C-130J aircraft and 15 of the longer C-130J-30, with first delivery (of a J-30) in August 1998. It is frequently employed to operate into countries or regions where there is a threat to aircraft; its performance, tactics and defensive systems make it the ideal platform for such tasks. During the Gulf War of 1991 (Operation Desert Storm), the C-130 Hercules was used operationally by the U.S. Air Force, U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps, along with the air forces of Australia, New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, South Korea and the UK. These range from navigation devices to aircraft defensive aids systems. A huge RAF aircraft has been spotted flying low directly above the Humber Bridge then across East Yorkshire today.. GC-130A, AF Ser. The MC-130 Combat Talon variant also made the first attacks using the largest conventional bombs in the world, the BLU-82 "Daisy Cutter" and GBU-43/B "Massive Ordnance Air Blast" (MOAB) bomb. © 2021 Royal Air Force. Olausson, Lars, "Lockheed Hercules Production List 1954–2012", 28th edition, self-published, Såtenäs, Sweden, March 2010, page 120. A single C-130K was purchased by the Met Office for use by its Meteorological Research Flight, where it was classified as the Hercules W.2. ", "Air Force Would Cancel Boeing C-130 Upgrade, 15 Other Programs. [23], An engine enhancement program saving fuel and providing lower temperatures in the T56 engine has been approved, and the US Air Force expects to save $2 billion and extend the fleet life. The initial operational example reached RAF Lyneham, then the RAF’s Hercules base, on November 21, 1999. [35], Australia became the first non-American force to operate the C-130A Hercules with 12 examples being delivered from late 1958. Safety devices had to be incorporated to reduce the excessive drag from a windmilling propeller.[4]. After communist Simba rebels took white residents of the city of Stanleyville hostage, the U.S. and Belgium developed a joint rescue mission that used the C-130s to drop, air-land and air-lift a force of Belgian paratroopers to rescue the hostages. On 15 March 2012, Royal Norwegian Air Force C-130J-30, 10-5630, c/n 5630, on a flight from Evenes, Norway to Kiruna, Sweden, impacted the side of Kebnekaise mountain, and disintegrated. The Korean War, which began in June, 1950, showed that World War II-era transports—C-119 Flying Boxcars, C-47 Skytrains and C-46 Commandos—were inadequate for modern warfare. The YC-130 was piloted by Stanley Beltz and Roy Wimmer on its 61-minute flight to Edwards Air Force Base; Jack Real and Dick Stanton served as flight engineers. The American-built C-130 Hercules transport aircraft was an RAF workhorse well into the 21st Century from its UK debut in late 1966. After the initial invasion, C-130 operators as part of the Multinational force in Iraq used their C-130s to support their forces in Iraq. A 23% scale model went through wind tunnel tests to demonstrate its hybrid powered lift, which combines a low drag airframe with simple mechanical assembly to reduce weight and better aerodynamics. XV307 RAF LTW No. [45] It is most likely that the aircraft used on this mission was either C-130E serial number 64-0506 or 64-0507 (cn 382-3990 and 382-3991). Transferred to, C-130E, AF Ser. Divers say they have found wreckage of Hercules plane stolen by homesick US Air Force mechanic who was desperate to see his wife and then crashed as he tried to fly home from UK 50 … The Lockheed L-100 (L-382) is a civilian variant, equivalent to a C-130E model without military equipment. Boeing's design used upper-surface blowing from embedded engines on the inboard wing and blown flaps for circulation control on the outboard wing. One was shot down by a Royal Navy Sea Harrier using AIM-9 Sidewinders and cannon. No. The 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review reflected this thinking, with the announcement that 14 Hercules C4s will remain in service until 2030, with funding allocated not only for their operations, but also for upgrading and life extension. The aircraft had taken off out of RAAF Base Richmond, and was supporting firefighting operations during Australia's unprecedented 2019–20 fire season.[63]. This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 21:09. When the AFRL increased the payload requirement to 65,000 lb (29,000 kg), they tested a 5 percent-scale model of a widebody design with a 303,000 lb (137,000 kg) take-off gross weight and an "A400M-size" 158 in (4.0 m) wide cargo box. [26] The Air Force Research Laboratory funded Lockheed and Boeing demonstrators for the Speed Agile concept, which had the goal of making a STOL aircraft that can take off and land at speeds as low as 70 kn (130 km/h; 81 mph) on airfields less than 2,000 ft (610 m) long and cruise at Mach 0.8-plus. Until 2009, it also demonstrated its rocket-assisted takeoff (RATO) capabilities; these ended due to dwindling supplies of rockets. Long-range capabilities are enhanced with air-to-air refuelling, while the Air Survival Rescue Apparatus may be mounted in the cabin for search and rescue missions, enabling the Hercules to airdrop life rafts and emergency supplies. An improved C-130H was introduced in 1974, with Australia purchasing 12 of type in 1978 to replace the original 12 C-130A models, which had first entered Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) service in 1958. The B model was originally intended to have "blown controls", a system which blows high pressure air over the control surfaces in order to improve their effectiveness during slow flight. Sgt. [8], After the two prototypes were completed, production began in Marietta, Georgia, where over 2,300 C-130s have been built through 2009. The new aircraft is to carry a 190 percent greater payload and assume the mission of mounted vertical maneuver (MVM). The tests were highly successful, but the idea was considered too risky for routine carrier onboard delivery (COD) operations. The KC-130 tankers, originally C-130F procured for the US Marine Corps (USMC) in 1958 (under the designation GV-1) are equipped with a removable 3,600 US gal (13,626 L) stainless steel fuel tank carried inside the cargo compartment. Lockheed produced the initial C3, flying it for the first time on December 3, 1979, but Marshall produced the remainder. [46] After being returned to the U.S. Air Force sometime between 1966 and 1970, they were assigned the serial numbers of C-130s that had been destroyed in accidents. [33], The first batch of C-130A production aircraft were delivered beginning in 1956 to the 463d Troop Carrier Wing at Ardmore AFB, Oklahoma and the 314th Troop Carrier Wing at Sewart AFB, Tennessee. Our Movers operate IT systems, load and unload transport aircraft and accompany cargo all over the world by air, rail and road. These two aircraft were delivered to Air America in 1964. ", "Pentagon Approves C-130 AMP Production. The RAF confirmed that two C-130 Hercules landed at Southampton Airport, one on Saturday and one on Sunday. [12] The H model remains in widespread use with the United States Air Force (USAF) and many foreign air forces. The A-model continued in service through the Vietnam War, where the aircraft assigned to the four squadrons at Naha AB, Okinawa and one at Tachikawa Air Base, Japan performed yeoman's service, including operating highly classified special operations missions such as the BLIND BAT FAC/Flare mission and FACT SHEET leaflet mission over Laos and North Vietnam. [citation needed], During the late 1960s, the U.S. was eager to get information on Chinese nuclear capabilities. The C-130 entered service with the U.S. in 1956, followed by Australia and many other nations. The squadron flies the baseline C-130J - designated in RAF … Sgt. Since 2004, the Pakistan Air Force has employed C-130s in the War in North-West Pakistan. Diehl, Alan E., PhD, Former Senior USAF Safety Scientist. The British also used RAF C-130s to support their logistical operations. [55], During the 5-week mission, the YARS aircrews flew 92 sorties and sprayed approximately 30,000 acres with nearly 149,000 gallons of oil dispersant to break up the oil. The weight and size of the weapons make it impossible or impractical to load them on conventional bombers. It was identified in the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review for withdrawal from service in 2022, a decade earlier than originally planned, while the C-130K was retired on October 28, 2013 after almost five decades on the frontline. It was tested on a NC-130B prototype aircraft with a pair of T-56 turbines providing high pressure air through a duct system to the control surfaces and flaps during landing. Rear ramp: length, 123 in (3.12 m); width, 119 in (3.02 m), C-130J-30 cargo hold: length, 55 ft (16.76 m); width, 119 in (3.02 m); height, 9 ft (2.74 m). No. Two different cargo planes could still be created to separately perform tactical and strategic missions, but which course to pursue is to be decided before C-17s need to be retired. RAF Pilots have an exciting and varied role, flying fast-jets, transport aircraft or helicopters as part of their career. Turboprop engines also produced much more power for their weight than piston engines. Charlie Shaub and A1C Dave McAleece, Rhodes, Jeff. The U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force resurrected the huge weapons as a means of clearing landing zones for helicopters and in early 1969 the 463rd commenced Commando Vault missions. In 2007, the C-130 became the fifth aircraft[N 1] to mark 50 years of continuous service with its original primary customer, which for the C-130 is the United States Air Force. In the late 1980s, 22 retired USAF C-130As were removed from storage and transferred to the U.S. Forest Service, which then transferred them to six private companies to be converted into airtankers. Development of the airlifter depends heavily on the Army's "tactical and operational maneuver" plans. Little progress was made as industrial and political differences complicated the group’s intentions and in 1989 Lockheed withdrew, ultimately to develop the ", NOAA 'Hurricane Hunters' First To Get T56 Series 3.5 Engine Enhancement, USAF asks industry to answer C-130 replacement questions, Lockheed's stealth C-130 successor revealed, Boeing awarded patent for Speed Agile stealth transport concept, "C-X: Next-Gen Cargo Plane for the Joint Force", Requirements Mulled for Next-Generation Airlifter, "C-130 Hercules Lands on U.S.S. The Hercules is the RAF’s primary tactical transport aircraft and in its current One of these C-130s crashed in June 2002 while operating the Retardant Aerial Delivery System (RADS) near Walker, CA. ", "Boeing C-130 Avionics Modernization Program to Enter Production. As the C-130A became operational with Tactical Air Command (TAC), the C-130's lack of range became apparent and additional fuel capacity was added with wing pylon-mounted tanks outboard of the engines; this added 6,000 lb (2,720 kg) of fuel capacity for a total capacity of 40,000 lb (18,140 kg).[10]. The moment was captured on camera by an … Having made their last operational flights on 25 October, the final two of 66 Hercules C-130K transport aircraft delivered to the RAF – Hercules C3As XV177, callsign “Reynard 1” and XV214 … The greater payload and mission would enable it to carry medium-weight armored vehicles and drop them off at locations without long runways. The current cost per aircraft is US$14 million although Boeing expects that this price will drop to US$7 million for the 69th aircraft. Lockheed Hercules W.2. [27] In August 2011, the AFRL released pictures of the Lockheed Speed Agile concept demonstrator. Weapon Technicians maintain and manage weapons and explosives used by the RAF, including aircraft bombs, ammunition and individual weapons carried by personnel. Deliveries began in December 1956, continuing until the introduction of the C-130B model in 1959. [16] The HTTB first flew on 19 June 1984, with civil registration of N130X. For structural reasons, some models are required to land with reduced amounts of fuel when carrying heavy cargo, reducing usable range. This aircraft was heavily modified (with its most prominent feature being the long red and white striped atmospheric probe on the nose and the move of the weather radar into a pod above the forward fuselage). All five aboard were confirmed dead. Thus, on 2 February 1951, the United States Air Force issued a General Operating Requirement (GOR) for a new transport to Boeing, Douglas, Fairchild, Lockheed, Martin, Chase Aircraft, North American, Northrop, and Airlifts Inc. Please switch to using Chrome if you can. Development could start in 2014, and become operational by 2024. The first production C-130A Hercules entered service in December 1956 and Lockheed went on to create a bewildering array of variants and subvariants for the US and foreign militaries, and civilian market. At least two C-130Js have been involved in accidents: 1. The aircraft performs in the same roles at night using night-vision goggles (NVGs), while station keeping equipment (SKE) enables it to remain in formation during poor weather. During the invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 and the ongoing support of the International Security Assistance Force (Operation Enduring Freedom), the C-130 Hercules has been used operationally by Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Romania, South Korea, Spain, the UK and the United States. The last operator in the world is the Honduran Air Force, which is still flying one of five A model Hercules (FAH 558, c/n 3042) as of October 2009. "Willis Hawkins and the Genesis of the Hercules. [5] The Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter had rear ramps, which made it possible to drive vehicles onto the airplane (also possible with forward ramp on a C-124). In the conflict’s immediate aftermath, the C.Mk 1K took a vital role supporting RAF BAe Harriers and, subsequently, McDonnell Douglas Phantoms providing Falkland Islands air defence. 69-6579 operated by the 61st TAS, 314th TAW, 50th AS, 61st AS; at, MC-130E Combat Talon I, AF Ser. [20] However, in June 2010, Department of Defense approved funding for the initial production of the AMP upgrade kits. Sweden and Spain fly the TP-84T version of the C-130E fitted for aerial refueling capability. Now Lockheed Martin modified a commercial variant of the weapons make it impossible or to... Load and unload transport aircraft and accompany cargo all over the world by Air, and. Their replacement in the Congo, 1964–1965 shocking ' unauthorised Hercules plane landing in Ireland on Chinese nuclear.! Funding for the H series capability is expected for 2021 while full operational capability is scheduled 2024! The tail of these aircraft were to be replaced by the RAF, including Williams. Both models, aircraft are expected to feature the AMP upgrade kits 37th Airlift Squadron, Rhein-Main,. Duty with 155th TAS, 164th TAG, C-130B, AF Ser the U.S in.! For the Lockheed L-100, operate in more than 40 variants of the C-130 devices had to be to... Program to Enter production other aircraft called `` Hercules '', see, the C-130J. ( MVM ) and November that year, a redesigned outer wing, updated avionics and other minor.. 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